Friday, January 23, 2009

Traffic Offences and Penalties in India

The Indian Road rules, titled "Rules of the Road Regulation", were brought into effect since July, 1989. These rules are germane to the Indian drivers (all inclusive of two, three and four wheelers), while on the road to ensure an orderly traffic and a safer journey. Violation of these "Rules of Road Regulation" is a punishable transgression as per the city specific traffic police rules and the "Motor Vehicle Act".

Enforcement of these traffic laws - rules, regulations and acts can bear out the road accidents. These laws are enforced by issuing challans in the name of the offenders and teaching them a lesson by making them pay penalties. An indicative list of the possible offences and their respective penalties is formulated below:

1. OFFENCES RELATED TO DOCUMENTS

S.NO
OFFENCES
MAXIMUM PENALTY
SECTION

1.1
Driving without a Valid License
Rs. 500/- and /or imprisonment ( 3 months)
3 r/w 181 MVA

1.2
Allowing vehicle to be driven by a person who does not possess a Valid License.
Rs. 1000/- and/or imprisonment ( 3 months)
5 r/w 180 MVA

1.3
Not carrying documents as required.
Rs. 100/-
130(3) r/w 177 MVA

1.4
Driving without Valid Insurance.
Rs. 1000/- and/or imprisonment ( 3 months)
130 r/w 177 MVA

1.5
Driving without Valid Permit.
Rs. 5000/- ( not less than Rs. 2000/-)
130 r/w 177 MVA

1.6
Driving without Valid Fitness.
Rs. 5000/- ( not less than Rs. 2000/-)
130 r/w 177 MVA

1.7
Vehicle without R.C.
Rs 2000/-
39 r/w192 MVA




2. OFFENCES RELATED TO DRIVING

S.NO
OFFENCES
MAXIMUM PENALTY
SECTION

2.1.1
Driving by Minor .
Rs. 500/-
4 r/w 181 MVA

2.1.2
Allowing Unauthorized person to drive .
Rs. 1000/-
5 r/w 180 MVA

2.1.3
Driving without Helmet.
Rs. 100/-
129 r/w177 MVA

2.1.4
Seat Belts not fastened.
Rs. 100/-
138(3) CMVR
177 MVA

2.1.5
Rough/Rash/Negligent Driving .
Rs. 1000/-
184 MVA

2.1.6
Dangerous or hasty Driving.
Rs.1000/-
and/or imprisonment
( 6 months)
112-183 MVA

2.1.7
Not Driving in Proper Lane .
Court Challan
66 r/w 192 MVA

2.1.8
Driving in the center and not to left side.
Rs.100/-
2 RRR r/w 177 MVA

2.1.9
Driving against One Way .
Rs.100/-
17 (i) RRR 177 MVA

2.1.10
Reversing without due care and attention.
Rs. 100/-
MMVR 233
177 MVA

2.1.11
Taking "U" turn during outlawed hours.
Rs.100/-
12 RRR
177 MVA

2.1.12
Failing to take precaution while taking a "Turn".
Rs.100/-
3 RRR
177 MVA

2.1.13
Failing to decelerate at intersection.
Rs.100/-
8 RRR
177 MVA

2.1.14
Failing to carry on left of traffic island.
Rs.100/-
2 RRR
177 MVA

2.1.15
Carrying persons on Footboard.
Rs.100/-
123-177 MVA

2.1.16
Carrying persons causing hindrance to the driver.
Rs.100/-
125-177 MVA

2.1.17
Trippling.
Rs. 100/-
128/177 MVA

2.1.18
Driving on Footpath.
Rs.100/-
RRR 177 MVA

2.1.19
Stopping at pedestrian crossing or crossing a Stop Line.
Rs.100/-
RRR 177 MVA

2.2
Road Marking Related Offences

2.2.1
Violation of Yellow Line.
Rs. 100/-
119/177 MVA

2.2.2
Violation of Stop Line.
Rs. 100/-
113(1)/177 DMVR

2.2.3
Violation of Mandatory Signs .
Rs. 100/-
119/177 MVA

2.3
Number Plate Related Offences

2.3.1
Use of Offensive Number Plate for vehicle used in driving.
Rs.100/-
CMVR 105 (2) (ii)
177 MVA

2.3.2
Displaying 'Applied For'.
Rs. 4500/-
39/192 MVA

2.4
Vehicle Light Related Offences

2.4.1
Improper use of headlights/tail light for vehicle used in driving.
Rs.100/-
CMVR 105 (2) (ii)
177 MVA

2.4.2
Using High Beam where not required.
Rs. 100/-
112(G) A DMVR
177 MVA

2.5
Horn Related Offences

2.5.1
Driving without Horn.
Rs. 100/-
119(1)/177 CMVR

2.5.2
Improper horn usage while driving.
Rs.100/-
CMVR 105 (2) (ii)
177 MVA

2.6
Traffic Police Related Offences

2.6.1
Disobeying Traffic Police Officer in uniform.
Rs. 100/-
119 MVA
22(a) RRR
177 MVA

2.6.2
Driving against Police Signal.
Rs. 100/-
119 r/w 177 MVA

2.6.3
Disobeying manual Traffic Signal.
Rs. 100/-
239 MMVR
22(a) RRR
177 MVA

2.7
Traffic Signal Related Offences

2.7.1
Disobeying Traffic signal / Sign Board.
Rs. 100/-
22(b) RRR
239 MMVR
177 MVA

2.7.2
Failing to give Signal.
Rs. 100/-
121 RRR
177 MVA

2.7.3
Jumping Signal.
Rs.100/-
119/177 MVA

2.8
Speed and Overtake Related Offences

2.8.1
Exceeding the prescribed Speed Limits.
Up to Rs.1000/-
112-183 MVA

2.8.2
Abetment for Over Speeding .
Rs.300/-
112/183(2) MVA

2.8.3
Overtaking perilously.
Rs.100/-
6 (a) RRR r/w 177 MVA

2.8.4
Failing to confer way to sanction Overtaking.
Rs.100/-
7 RRR
177 MVA

2.8.5
Overtaking from Wrong Side .
Rs. 100/-
RRR 6/1/177 MVA

2.9
Other Offences

2.9.1
Disobeying Lawful Directions.
Rs. 500/-
132/179 MVA

2.9.2
Driving under influence of Alcohol / Drugs.
Rs.2000/-
and/or imprisonment
( 6 months)
185 MVA

2.9.3
Using Mobile Phone while Driving.
Up to 1000/-
184 MVA

2.9.4
Leaving vehicle in unoccupied engine.
Rs.100/-
126-177 MVA

2.9.5
Leaving vehicle in unsafe position.
Rs.100/-
122 177 MVA

2.9.6
In case of a minor Accident.
Rs. 1000/-
184 MVA

2.9.7
Playing music while Driving.
Rs. 100/-
102/177 MVA

2.9.8
Driving without Silencer.
Rs. 100/-
120/190(2)/177CMVR

2.9.9
Driving when mentally or physically unfit.
Court Challan
186 MVA




3. OFFENCES RELATED TO TOWING OF VEHICLES

S.NO
OFFENCES
MAXIMUM PENALTY
SECTION

3.1
Two Wheeler.
Rs.100/-
RRR 177 MVA

3.2
Car , Jeep, Taxi, Auto Rickshaw.
Rs.200/-
RRR 177 MVA

3.3
Truck, Tanker, Trailor.
Rs.600/-

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